Building trust between India and China


In some major steps aimed at building trust between India and China and tackle incidents of transgressions immediately, the two Armies were all set to have, for the first time, the Director General Military Operations (DGMO)-level hotline contact between the two nations and conduct joint patrolling on 16 disputed spots including four in Leh district of Ladakh region. Incursions by the two sides generally take place at 16 disputed spots as both nations claim that the land belonged to them. National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval and Army chief Gen Bipin Rawat today held a meeting in the Union capital in the aftermath of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) discussed between the top leadership of India and China after which a message was reportedly sent out to all Army formations on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China not to show aggression. The significant decisions between Sino-Indian militaries, which last year were at loggerheads over Doklam, came after the visits of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman to China ending last month, which ended with two-day summit level talks between Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping.
World's two largest Armies would jointly patrol 16 identified disputed spots, spread over five States including Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, to end chances of transgressions and make 3448-kilometers un-demarcated Line of Actual Control (LAC) between the two countries more peaceful. Though not even a single shot has been fired by either side on the LAC for past several years, transgressions do take place with Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) sometimes trying to intrude into the Indian territory but retreat after objections by the Indian troops. Four spots in Leh district of Ladakh region along LAC with China, which could be jointly patrolled by India and China, as Demchok, Chumar, PangongTso and Spangur La. Twelve other disputed spots identified for joint patrolling were spread over Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. Noting that joint patrolling along LAC by Sino-Indian troops, especially at the disputed spots, had been mooted sometime back, sources said the proposal finally matured during three high-profile visits by the top Indian leadership to China and was now set to become a reality. In the absence of hotline contact, the armies of two countries contact each other through their respective Foreign Ministries, which is a long-drawn process. Increase in number of BMPs would mean more frequent contact between the two Armies at the local Commander-level to sort out minor issues between themselves.

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