Ban on single use plastic


India has held off imposing a blanket ban on single-use plastics to combat pollution, a measure seen as too disruptive for industry at a time when it is coping with an economic slowdown and job losses. The plan was for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to outlaw six items on Wednesday, the 150th anniversary of the birth of independence leader Mahatma Gandhi, as part of a broader campaign to rid India of single-use plastics by 2022. There would be no immediate move to ban plastic bags, cups, plates, small bottles, straws and certain types of sachets and instead the government would try to curb their use. For now, government will ask states to enforce existing rules against storing, manufacturing and using some single-use plastic products such as polythene bags and styrofoam,. The government's proposed countrywide ban had dismayed consumer firms, which use plastic in packaging for everything from sodas and biscuits to ketchup and shampoo. Plastic waste is at epidemic proportions in the world's oceans with an estimated 100 million tonnes dumped there to date, according to the United Nations. Scientists have found large amounts of micro plastic in the intestines of deep-dwelling ocean mammals like whales. India, which uses about 14 million tonnes of plastic annually, lacks an organised system for management of plastic waste, leading to widespread littering.
The ban on single use plastic will leave hundreds of people in Jammu division unemployed as about 15 manufacturing units associated with such products here will face closure putting the industrial sector to losses running in crores. Units manufacturing poly-bags less than 50 microns have already been closed in Jammu region. Among plastic manufacturing units in Jammu province, there are 28 units that manufacture polythene carry bags, 37 units are engaged in recycling polythene and for multilayer packing there are 28 units. Other plastic products which do not come under the category of single use like plastic buckets etc, there are 138 manufacturing units in Jammu division. It is the commitment of the Prime Minister that by 2020-22 India should become a plastic free nation, yet the legal framework for that is not ready as of now.

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