Early referrals by general physicians may help cancer patients survive longer


Early referrals by General Physicians (GP) are likely to increase the lifespan of cancer patients, suggests a new study conducted by the researchers of King's College London and National Institute for Health Research.
The analysis of 1.4 million cancer patients in England published in the British Journal of General Practice, led by King's College London and Public Health England (PHE), found that cancer patients from the highest referring GP practices had a lower mortality rate. Cancer patients from these same practices were also more likely to be diagnosed at an earlier stage for breast, lung and prostate cancer.
"As a GP, considering a cancer diagnosis is not easy. A typical full-time GP would have 8-9 new cancer cases per year but sees many patients who have symptoms which could be due to cancer," said Dr Thomas Round, from King's College London and PHE.
"The urgent referral, or two-week wait pathway, is very helpful for both patients, with potentially worrying symptoms, and their GPs who can fast track them to have a specialist review or tests. This research shows that GPs are referring substantially more patients with suspected cancer, which is making a real impact in improving cancer outcomes in the NHS," Round said.
With potentially 5,000-10,000 avoidable cancer deaths per year in the UK, early diagnosis is a key component to increasing cancer survival rates. If a GP suspects a patient has cancer, they can fast-track refer them to be seen by a specialist or have a specialist test within two weeks. Urgent referrals have increased to more than 2 million per year in England, with an average GP making 50-60 referrals per year. The research, which looked at cases of breast, lung, prostrate and colorectal cancers using data from the National Cancer Registry, supports the increases seen in primary care referrals and access to diagnostic tests, which allows more cancers to be diagnosed.
This has also led to the number of people diagnosed with cancer following an A&E presentation, who are more likely to have worse outcomes, to drop from 1 in 4 to less than 1 in 5.
"Clearly the current COVID19 situation is putting a significant strain on health services, including for potentially serious conditions, such as suspected cancer referrals and cancer treatment once diagnosed. We have some reports of patients delaying seeking help because they think their GP practice or A&E departments are closed," said Dr Round.
"This is not the case, with GP practices adapting with use of telephone, video and online appointments. It is important if patients are experiencing worrying symptoms to contact their GP practice. With approximately 450 cancer deaths per day in the UK it's important that we continue urgent referrals, diagnosis and treatment for cancer patients," Round added.
This work is in collaboration with PHE's National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (NCRAS) and uses data that has been provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. The data is collated, maintained and quality assured by the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service, which is part of Public Health England.

Share This Story

Comment On This Story


Photo Gallery

BSE Sensex
NSE Nifty